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Dr. Arthur Mansbach Dannenberg Sr

Dr. Arthur Mansbach Dannenberg Sr

Male 1891 - 1990  (99 years)

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  • Name Arthur Mansbach Dannenberg Sr 
    Prefix Dr. 
    Born 7 Jan 1891  Philadelphia, PA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Biography Memoir of Arthur M. Dannenberg, Sr., 1891-1990 by HENRY J. TUMEN Dr. Arthur M. Dannenberg, Sr., a distinguished pediatrician and, for many years, a dedicated and very supportive Fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, died at his home on 7 December 1990, just one month prior to his one hundredth birthday. He was born in Philadelphia on 7 January 1891. After attending Philadelphia schools, he was admitted to the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and graduated with the Class of 1913. He served an internship at the Jewish Hospital of Philadelphia- now the Albert Einstein Medical Center (AEMC)-and then volunteered for service in the Medical Corps of the United States Army. For two years-from August 1917 to August 1919-he was the commanding medical officer of a meningitis ward at Camp Jackson, South Carolina.

    On completion of this military duty, Dannenberg returned to Philadelphia to begin his medical practice. During a relatively brief trial of general practice, however, he observed that he related very easily to children and that he possessed an aptitude in their care. He decided that, for him, pediatrics was the most attractive branch of medicine in which to seek a career. He applied for an appointment to a junior position in the pediatrics department of the Jewish Hospital, and was accepted. This department received his entire attention and efforts for all the years of his medical activities.

    Recognition of his competence and dedication brought repeated annual promotions in rank and increasing responsibility. He eventually became the senior attending pediatrist and chief of pediatrics at the Northern Division of the AEMC in 1938. Later in life, Dannenberg spoke with great pride of his continuous association of more than 30 years with this department.

    Dr. Dannenberg served as a consultant to a number of Philadelphia area institutions engaged in the care of children. He was at various times the medical director and pediatrist of the Max and Sarah Bamberger Home in Longport, New Jersey; the Jewish Foster Home; the Home for Hebrew Orphans; the Juvenile Aid Society; and the Phipps Institute. He was also a board member of the Young Men's Young Women's Hebrew Association (YM-YWHA) and of the YM/WHA camps, and of the Willowcrest Convalescent Home.

    The Phipps Institute was devoted largely to the care of patients with tuberculosis, among which were children who contracted the disease because of open advanced cavitary lesions suffered by their parents and the poor level of household sanitation and ordinary hygiene. Phipps was one of the few institutions in Philadelphia at which there was significant investigation of the treatment of tuberculosis and of the establishment of public health measures that might control it. Dannenberg contributed to the development of educational programs for the families of tuberculosis patients and instituted measures to help control the spread of the disease. Dr. Dannenberg's activities at Phipps led to a change in his life. Working there in the 1920s was a very attractive young woman named Marion Loeb, a diligent and intelligent social worker who gave him great help with the problems of patients. Dannenberg developed a strong personal interest in this pleasant and hard work-ing associate and they later married. This very happy and congenial onion lasted many years, until Mrs. Dannenberg's death in 1978.

    When Dannenberg became chief of the pediatric department at the Northern Division of the AEMC, his first endeavor was the development of an educational program with very high standards, one of great value to the interns and residents of the department and to its attending staff. Dannenberg also wanted the teaching sessions to be shared by physicians of the general community. His program, in fact, became a forerunner of the CME programs that are now so popular, and also attracted the attention of Temple University Medical School. Dannenberg was asked to permit the attendance of Temple students at his teaching sessions, and he was subsequently appointed to the Temple pediatric faculty. Dr. Dannenberg's teaching rounds were primarily reviews of the diagnostic and management problems of the patients currently receiving active care in the hospital or its clinics. The greatest educa-tional value of the sessions, however, was the opportunity they gave to those attending to observe Dannenberg's clinical skill and judgment. He was a master clinician. To listen to him search out in keen questioning every feature of a patient's history, to watch him examine a patient and delineate any abnormality, and then work through to a diagnostic decision on which to base a therapeutic program was a wonderful learning experience that always im-pressed those in attendance. These young physicians and students learned from Dannenberg the value of a slow, meticulous, analytical approach to a clinical problem and the need for a careful and well thought-out approach to the study of a patient. All of those who trained with him became known in the general medical community as careful clinicians and their practices gave evidence of the great regard in which this ability was held by the families of the patients they treated. It is truly a tribute to Dr. Dannenberg that his pattern of teaching is still followed by the pediatric service of the Northern Division of the AEMC, and that "Dannenberg teaching rounds" are still a feature of the service of which he was the chief for so many years. Dannenberg's private practice increased rapidly following his appointment as chief of pediatrics at the AEMC and his involve-ment as consultant to so many of the social agencies in Philadelphia that were engaged in the care of children. Although the increased prominence of his name certainly was a factor in this, it must also be recalled that this was a period of growing public awareness of pediatrics as a well-defined discipline within the practice of medi-cine, with its own special purpose. Infants and young children were no longer considered as just small variants of adults and it was now recognized that they should not be treated by physicians whose sole experience had been with adult patients. The public was beginning to use the term "pediatrician" and the practices of most physicians so designated who were known to have had specific training and experience in child care, grew rather rapidly. In turning to Dannenberg, the family of a sick child found a physician who was not only thoroughly abreast of all scientific advances in pediatrics, and knew all the details of fluid replacement and nutrition and maintenance of the metabolic balance. They also found in him a physician who was a kindly human being; a physi-cian who knew how to deal with a parent's anxiety and distress; who knew how to explain all that was going on with their child; who did not become easily annoyed by repeated anxious questions; and who knew how to explain and simplify those problems of feeding, bathing, and caring that are so difficult for young parents. It was only natural, therefore, that Dannenberg was widely recom-mended by the families of children whom he treated. Many other activities not related to his growing practice caused Dr Dannenberg to maintain a very busy working schedule. He devoted considerable time towards improving the functioning of his department within the hospital, and towards the department's teaching activities. He produced a number of papers for the pediat-ric literature, he was active in the affairs of the American Pediatric Society, and he helped to organize the Philadelphia Pediatric Society. He took special interest in the Aid Association of the Philadelphia County Medical Society. This organization was devoted particularly to providing assistance to the needy families of deceased physicians whose estates had proven to be insufficient to meet the requirements of their survivors. Dannenberg made major contributions to the Association, organized fundraising programs, and helped supervise the financial management of the charity to assure its fiscal strength. Dannenberg also possessed a strong sense of public interest. He and his wife had purchased a 10-acre tract of land with a lovely stream, beautiful trees, and a fine old house in Upper Dublin Township and made this a retreat in which they spent considerable time relaxing and entertaining during the warmer months of the year. In 1969 this tract, called "Dannybrook 'along with a large monetary gift to maintain the landscaping and trees of the property, was deeded by Dannenberg to Dublin Township with the under-standing that the land was not to be used to build additional houses but was to remain open space for the recreation and pleasure of the people of the community. Unfortunately, when he reached his sixties, Dr. Dannenberg was beset by a number of health problems that led to periods of incapacitation, but he did his best to return to normal activity as rapidly as possible. He continued to follow financial matters closely, and his investment counsel was respected and sought for various charitable organizations by many of his colleagues. However, he began to have troublesome hoarseness and studies revealed the presence of tumors of the vocal cords. Unfortunately, these were found to be malignant and at the age of 68 Dannenberg had to undergo a total laryngectomy. He withstood this operation quite well but did have to use an artificial larynx for the rest of his life. Despite this handicap, Dannenberg maintained the ability to communicate quite readily with those around him, and it was never suggested by him or anyone else that the loss of his natural voice was a source of embarrassment or a restriction on his activities. His poise in the face of this difficulty gave convincing evidence of the strength of his character. Throughout his life, one of Dr. Dannenberg's great loves was the Philadelphia Orchestra. He could usually be seen sitting in his accustomed seat at one of the Saturday evening concerts, often after the death of his wife accompanied by an attractive and vivacious lady, one of his many "friends.'' This was the occasion for amused comment and knowing looks, all of which added to Dannenberg's pleasure in the evening. Dannenberg became a Fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia in 1938 and was always greatly interested in its devel-opment. He and his wife made major contributions to support the College's growth and activities. He was elected an "honorary" member of the Council and assisted in the development of plans for a new wing of the College building when this idea was under active consideration. For a number of years he was a member of the Finance Committee and took a great interest in the financial affairs of the College. His advice was helpful in the planning of its investments and the management of its funds. His last appearance at a College function was at the College Night of 19 November 1990. Dannenberg's presence that evening was specifically requested by Daniel L. Shaw, Jr., president of the College. Dr. Dannenberg is survived by his two sons, eight grandchil-dren, and six great-grandchildren. He was particularly proud of the scientific and academic accomplishments of his sons. The older is professor of experimental medicine in the School of Hygiene at the Johns Hopkins University, and the younger son is clinical professor of periodontology in the School of Dental Medicine of the Univer-sity of Pennsylvania. Arthur Dannenberg was in every respect a fine physician, a fine man, and a fine citizen. His contributions to the practice of pediat-rics were outstanding, and he was particularly valuable to the Phila-delphia-area because he served as an advisor to many of the social agencies that helped develop community policies and support for child care. His many friends admired the warmth of his personality, and his courage and strength in the face of the adversity of ill health. We remember him with great affection, and with sincere thanks for reaching us to make the most of our lives by sharing with others. Transactions & Studies of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia Set 5, Vol. 13, No 2 (1991); 221-225 
    Hebrew Birth 27 Tev 5651 
    Residence 1891-1990  Philadelphia, PA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Hebrew Death 20 Kis 5751 
    Occupation Pediatrician 
    Died 7 Dec 1990  Philadelphia, PA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I2469  Blank Family
    Last Modified 15 Apr 2010 

    Father Gerson Dannenberg,   b. 22 Jul 1862, Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1930, Philadelphia, PA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years) 
    Mother Hannah Mansbach,   b. Abt 1862, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1930, Philadelphia, PA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 68 years) 
    Family ID F1039  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Marion Loeb,   b. 11 Sep 1889, Philadelphia, PA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Apr 1978, Philadelphia, PA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 88 years) 
    Married 1922  Philadelphia, PA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Living
     2. Living
    Family ID F1041  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 7 Jan 1891 - Philadelphia, PA, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1922 - Philadelphia, PA, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1891-1990 - Philadelphia, PA, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 7 Dec 1990 - Philadelphia, PA, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
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  • Photos
    Arthur M. Dannenberg 1966
    Arthur M. Dannenberg 1966

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