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Fritz Eichenberg

Fritz Eichenberg

Male 1889 - 1943  (53 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Fritz Eichenberg 
    Born 6 Dec 1889  Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Hebrew Birth 13 Kis 5650 
    Immigration 29 Jan 1935  Brugge, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Residence 1936-1940  Brugge, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 1943  Majdanek CC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Deportation 4 Mar 1943  Majdanek CC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Deported from Drancy to Majdanek CC on Transport #50
    Holocaust Lived in Düsseldorf, 29.1.1936 fled to Brügge, Belgium.

    ---------------------------------------------
             EICHENBERG Fritz
    -           Place and date of birth: Adelebsen, 06/12/1889.
    -           Last address known in Belgium: 3, Avenue Elisabeth - Knokke.
    -           Reason given for incarceration: Mr Eichenberg was a Jewish man.
    -           Entered to the camp of Gurs, where he stayed from 29/10/1940 to 23/09/1942.
    -           Transferred to the camp of Risevaltes, where he stayed from 25/09/1942 to 10/10/1942.
    -           Transferred to the camp of Gurs, where he stayed from 14/10/1942 to 26/02/1943 (date of departure with a convoy).
    -           Deported from Drancy to Majdanek on Transport #50, on 04/03/1943 (this information comes from a document of the
    International Tracing Service – Arolsen). In an attestation for the obtaining of a reparation indemnity, they said that
    he was deported from Drancy to the concentration camp of Auschwitz on 04/03/1943.
    -           He wasn’t repatriated.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------
    It is not entirely clear why for one month the French transports went to Sobibor rather than Auschwitz-Birkenau. The Auschwitz Chronicle, compiled by Danuta Czech Republic, shows that in late February and early March 1943 transports of Jews from Berlin, Germany (including some Norwegian Jews) were reaching the camp. It had been expected that most of these Jews would be fit for work, but in fact most of them were selected for gassing. Other transports during this time came from Poland and the Netherlands (which also supplied 19,000 victims to Sobibor); and on 4 March 1943 Convoy 49 from Drancy reached Auschwitz.

    However, during the first months of 1943 the SS and their civilian contractors were attempting to make the new Crematorium II operational, and this was taking longer than expected. Moreover, there was a resurgence of typhus in the camp at this time. On the other hand, transports to Sobibor and Treblinka seem to have slackened during this period.
    Richard Glazar reports that very few trains came to Treblinka in early 1943. Most of Poland’s Jews had either been killed or were being exploited for labour, and transports formerly expected from Romania and Romanian-occupied territory had not materialised.
    Belzec ceased to function as a gassing centre at the end of 1942. Thus Auschwitz may have seemed overloaded, while Sobibor had spare "capacity". No doubt railway schedules throughout Europe and military railway and rolling-stock requirements also played a part in the decision.

    Letter from August 1942
    The Jews on the first two trains from France to Sobibor were victims of a reprisal action for the killing of two Luftwaffe officers in Paris on 13 February 1943. The Germans had previously responded to attacks of this kind by executing hostages or political prisoners sentenced to death, but the military authorities had come to believe that this type of response was counter-productive. The SS and the German Embassy therefore decided instead to deport 2,000 Jews, all men fit for work aged from 16 to 65, foreigners or stateless and of a "deportable" nationality. The commandant of Paris, Kurt Lischka, transmitted this order to the head of the French Police, who was apparently not confident that he would be able to fill the quota easily in Paris. He therefore passed on the order to the police prefects in the former free zone, who carried out a man-hunt in the camps and reception centres in their territory and among the "Groups of Foreign Workers" (Groupes de travailleurs étrangers or "GTE"), and arrested Jews in their homes. All the victims were taken to the camp at Gurs.

    Little or no attempt was made to separate French citizens from "deportables". Victims taken to Gurs from the camp at Nexon included Polish and Czech Republic Jews who had fought for France in 1940 or were members of the Foreign Legion. One was a 65-year old rabbi. They were given five minutes to pack their bags. From Gurs two transports to Drancy were organised: one of 975 Jews on 26 February; the other, of 770 Jews, on 2 March.

    Jews in Drancy Courtyard #1
    Convoy No 50: The first contingent, reduced to 888 men aged from 16 to 65, made up almost all Convoy No 50, which left Drancy for Sobibor on 4 March 1943. 136 deportees from Drancy, including 66 women, were added to them. The 1,024 deportees included 377 Poles, 268 Germans, 99 Austrians, 91 Russians and 30 Dutch prisoners, a total of 865. The remaining 159 victims were presumably French citizens. They included Elie, Marie and Suzanne Levi, born in Paris in 1929, 1934 and 1937 respectively. The official destination of Convoy 50 was Chelm near Lublin, where some of the deportees were selected for work at Majdanek before being transferred to Auschwitz in July 1943. Four of them were still alive in 1945. The rest of the convoy was gassed at Sobibor. 
    Holocaust Victim
    Occupation Merchant 
    Residence Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence Dusseldorf, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I78  Blank Family
    Last Modified 4 Oct 2010 

    Father Meier Levi Eichenberg,   b. 27 Mar 1824, Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Nov 1904, Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years) 
    Mother Mathilde (Miriam) Eichenberg,   b. 3 Feb 1841, Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Jan 1907, Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Married 10 May 1860  Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F1363  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Lisbeth Regina Herzfeld,   b. 21 May 1902, Steinheim, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1989, Baden, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years) 
    Divorced 14 Jul 1935  Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Living
     2. Living
    Family ID F45  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 6 Dec 1889 - Adelebsen, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsImmigration - 29 Jan 1935 - Brugge, Belgium Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDivorced - 14 Jul 1935 - Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1936-1940 - Brugge, Belgium Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - - Adelebsen, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - - Dusseldorf, Germany Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Fritz Eichenberg
    Fritz Eichenberg

    Documents At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.

    Histories
    Meir Eichenberg Langstrasse, Adelebsen (initial)
    Meir Eichenberg Langstrasse, Adelebsen (initial)
    History of Jewish Community of Adelebsen
    History of Jewish Community of Adelebsen

    Holocaust Records
    JDC Lisbon documents searching for Fritz Eichenberg
    JDC Lisbon documents searching for Fritz Eichenberg
    Majdanek CC
    Majdanek CC

  • Sources 
    1. [S98] Hamburg Archives, Hamburg, Germany.

    2. [S206] Belgian Victims of WW2 Archives.

    3. [S180] Aktion Reinhard Camps .


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