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Rabbi Dr. Joseph Ignatz Spitz

Male 1856 - 1931  (75 years)


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  • Name Joseph Ignatz Spitz 
    Prefix Rabbi Dr. 
    Born 16 Aug 1856  Bilka, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Biography Rabbi in Haigerloch from 1889 to 1894.

    Rabbi in Gailingen from 1888-1925. During the middle 19th century there were 1000 Jews in this small town in Baden. In the 1920's the Jews were still a quarter of the population, due to the Jewish Old Age Home and Hospital. See Pinkas Hakehillot Jslm 1986 S285

    The Jewish history of Gailingen begins in 1654 when six Jews moved to town. They were protected by a special decree three years later. Others followed, and in 1722 there are 18 Jewish households in Gailingen. By the middle of the 18th century, that number has increased to 28. In 1766, a new school is built.

The Jewish community is growing. In 1827, Gailingen becomes the district seat for the rabbi. A new synagogue opens its doors in 1836. The new schoolhouse is built in 1845-47 and features apartments for the rabbi and teacher on the top floor, as well as a ritual bath in the basement. Both Jewish and Christian children alike later attend the school.

By the middle of the 19th century, more than half of Gailingen’s population is Jewish. However, many German Jews leave their small hometowns to move to the cities after their legal emancipation was finalized in 1862. But a significant number of Jews still call Gailingen their home. A Jewish mayor is elected in 1870, and he must have been popular, since Hirsch Leopold Guggenheim retained the post until 1884. 

The district rabbi moves to Konstanz in 1925. The Jewish population in Gailingen is slowly decreasing to about 20% in 1933, a dark year in German history. The infamous "crystal night" does not bypass Gailingen. On November 10, 1938, the synagogue is destroyed. Two memorial stones commemorate this shameful event today. Two years later, on October 22, 1940, all Jews from the area of Baden are deported to the South of France. After having peacefully co-existed with their non-Jewish neighbors for centuries, the Jews of Gailingen are gone.

Luckily, the schoolhouse survives and is now a museum for Jewish history in the Lake Constance area. Both the apartments and the ritual bath have been preserved in their original state and can be viewed today. The building was completely renovated in 1998/99. The museum is run by a foundation for the preservation of Jewish history and offers exhibitions, seminars, lectures, photo displays etc. The foundation was also able to interview several Jews from Gailingen who now live in Israel. Plans for the future include collecting additional historical documents about Jews in the area, running a permanent exhibition about the Jewish population around Lake Constance, inviting students to visit the museum, and organizing exchange programs with schools in Israel and the U.S.  [1
    Hebrew Birth 15 Ab 5616 
    Hebrew Death 19 Kis 5692 
    Immigration Gailingen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Occupation Rabbi of Gailingen 
    Residence Bilka, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence Gailingen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence Frankfurt, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 29 Nov 1931  Frankfurt, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I4179  Blank Family
    Last Modified 16 Dec 2011 

    Father Rabbi Simon Spitz,   d. Bilka, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Sara Ornstein,   d. Bilka, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F535  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Minna E. Eichenberg,   b. 15 Nov 1865, Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Mar 1909, Gailingen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years) 
    Married 19 Feb 1890  Haigerloch, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Jenny Spitz,   b. 10 Sep 1896, Gailingen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Sep 1942, Auschwitz CC Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
    Last Modified 16 Aug 2007 
    Family ID F1383  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 19 Feb 1890 - Haigerloch, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsImmigration - - Gailingen, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - - Gailingen, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - - Frankfurt, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 29 Nov 1931 - Frankfurt, Germany Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Histories
    History of Jews of Gailingen
    History of Jews of Gailingen

  • Sources 
    1. [S185] Town of Gailingen, Gailingen, Germany, www.in-gailingen.de.


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