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Zwi Hirsch Kalischer

Zwi Hirsch Kalischer

Male 1795 - 1874  (79 years)

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  • Name Zwi Hirsch Kalischer 
    Born 1 Apr 1795  Lissa, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Biography German rabbi and colonizer; born March 24, 1795, at Lissa, Posen; died Oct. 16, 1874, at Thorn, on the Vistula. Destined for the rabbinate, he received his Talmudic education from Jacob of Lissa and Akiba Eger of Posen. After his marriage he left Lissa and settled in Thorn, where he spent the rest of his life. Here he took an active interest in the affairs of the Jewish community, and for more than forty years held the office of "Rabbinatsverweser" (acting rabbi). Disinterestedness was a prominent feature of his character; he refused to accept any remuneration for his services, his wife, by means of a small business, providing their meager subsistence.

    In his youth he wrote "Eben Boan," commentary on several juridical themes of the Shulan 'Aruk, oshen Mishpa (Krotoschin, 1842), and "Sefer Moznayim la-Mishpa," commentary, in three parts, on the whole oshen Mishpa (parts i. and ii., Krotoschin and Königsberg, 1855; part iii. still in manuscript). He also wrote: glosses on Shulan 'Aruk, Yoreh De'ah, published in the new Wilna edition of that work; "Sefer ha-Berit," commentary on the Pentateuch; "Sefer Yei'at Mirayim," commentary on the Pesa Haggadah; "iddushim" on several Talmudical treatises; etc. He also contributed largely to Hebrew magazines, as "Ha-Maggid," "iyyon," "Ha-'Ibri," and "Ha-Lebanon."

    Palestine Colonization.
    Inclined to philosophical speculation, Kalischerstudied the systems of medieval and modern Jewish and Christian philosophers, one result being his "Sefer Emunah Yesharah," an inquiry into Jewish philosophy and dogma (2 vols., Krotoschin, 1843, 1871); an appendix to vol. i. contains a commentary (incomplete) on Job and Ecclesiastes. In the midst of his many activities, however, his thoughts centered on one idea—the colonization of Palestine, in order thereby to provide a home for the homeless Eastern Jews and transform the many Jewish beggars in the Holy Land into a useful agricultural population. He proposed to collect money for this purpose from Jews in all countries; to buy and cultivate land in Palestine; to found an agricultural school, either in Palestine itself or in France; and to form a Jewish military guard for the security of the colonies. He thought the time especially favorable for the carrying out of this idea, as the sympathy of men like Crémieux, Montefiore, Rothschild, and Albert Cohn rendered the Jews politically influential. To these and similar Zionist ideals he gave expression in his "Derishat iyyon" (Lyck, 1862), containing three theses: (1) the salvation of the Jews, promised by the Prophets, can come about only in a natural way—by self-help; (2) colonization in Palestine; (3) admissibility of the observance of sacrifices in Palestine at the present day. The appendix contains an invitation to the reader to become a member of the colonization societies of Palestine.

    This book made a very great impression, especially in the East. It was translated into German by Poper (Thorn, 1865), and a second Hebrew edition was issued by N. Friedland (ib. 1866). Kalischer himself traveled with indefatigable zeal to different German cities for the purpose of establishing colonization societies. It was his influence that caused ayyim Lurie, in Frankfurt-on-the-Main in 1861, to form the first society of this kind, and this was followed by others. Owing to Kalischer's agitation, the Alliance Israélite Universelle founded the Palestinian colony Miweh Yisrael (Agricultural Colonies), the rabbinate of which was offered to him, but he was too old to accept it. Although all these endeavors were not attended with immediate success, Kalischer never lost hope. By exerting a strong influence upon his contemporaries, including such prominent men as Heinrich Grätz, Moses Hess (see "Rom und Jerusalem," pp. 117 et seq.), and others, he is considered to have been one of the most important of those who prepared the way for the foundation of modern Zionism.

    Bibliography: Allg. Zeit. des Jud. 1874, p. 757;
    Jüdischer Volkskalender, pp. 143 et seq., Leipsic, 1899;
    Sefer Anshe Shem, pp. 31a et seq., Warsaw, 1892.S. M. Sc.  [1
    Hebrew Birth 12 Nis 5555 
    Hebrew Death 5 Che 5635 
    Occupation Rabbi 
    Residence Lissa, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence Thorn, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 16 Oct 1874  Thorn, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I3274  Blank Family
    Last Modified 2 Mar 2010 

    Father Rabbi Salomon Kalischer,   b. 1768, Lissa, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Feb 1840, Thorn, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years) 
    Mother Rachel Gutel,   b. Yes - date unknown ,   d. Yes - date unknown  
    Family ID F1176  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Henriette (Gitel) Cohn,   b. Abt 1802, Nieszawa, Poland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Feb 1889, Thorn, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 87 years) 
    Married Yes - date unknown  
    Children 
     1. Rabbi Louis Kalischer,   b. Yes - date unknown , Thorn, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes - date unknown
     2. Amalie Kalischer,   b. 20 Sep 1827, Thorn, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Oct 1909, Breslau, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years)
     3. Jacob Kalischer,   b. 1833, Thorn, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1917, Berlin, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
     4. David Kalischer,   b. 1836, Thorn, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1916, Berlin, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)
     5. Wolf Ze'ev Kalischer,   b. 1 Jul 1839, Thorn, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Mar 1892, San Francisco, CA, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years)
     6. Alfred Christlieb Kalischer,   b. 4 Mar 1842, Thorn, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Oct 1909  (Age 67 years)
     7. Johanna Kalischer,   b. 10 Oct 1845, Thorn, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Oct 1929, Breslau, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
     8. Jenny Kalischer,   b. 16 Mar 1847, Thorn, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jul 1928, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years)
     9. Moritz Kalischer,   b. Yes - date unknown , Thorn, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes - date unknown
     10. Ernestine Kalischer,   b. Yes - date unknown , Thorn, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes - date unknown
     11. Auguste Kalischer,   b. Yes - date unknown , Thorn, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes - date unknown
    Family ID F1229  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1 Apr 1795 - Lissa, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - - Lissa, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - - Thorn, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 16 Oct 1874 - Thorn, Germany Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Kallisher Zwi
    Kallisher Zwi
    Kallisher Zwi
    Kallisher Zwi

  • Sources 
    1. [S68] Jewish Encyclopedia.


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