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Dr. Ernest Grafenberg

Dr. Ernest Grafenberg

Male 1881 - 1957  (76 years)

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  • Name Ernest Grafenberg 
    Prefix Dr. 
    Born 26 Sep 1881  Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Biography Ernst Gräfenberg: From Berlin, Germany to New York
    INTRODUCTION
    I am honored to have been invited to be Dr. Ernst Gräfenberg's “living legend” and to describe his work. Dr. Gräfenberg was born 26 September 1881 in Adelebsen near Gottingen, Germany. He died in 1957 in the United States. Dr. Gräfenberg was an ingenious scientist and a great physician. He is best known for his work in the development of the intrauterine device (IUD) and for his studies of the role of the female urethra in orgasm. Little is published or really known of his personal life. I have spoken with his only known living relatives in the Untied States, distant cousins. They could shed very little on his life, except that they thought he was once married (very briefly).and had no children. I will now tell you what I know about Dr. Gräfenberg.
    MEDICAL EXPERIENCE - KIEL AND Berlin, Germany
    Dr. Gräfenberg studied medicine in Goettingen and Munich. He obtained his doctorate on 10 March 1905, graduating “Summa cum laude.” He began his work as a doctor in the department of ophthalmology at the University of Wuerzburg, Bavaria. He then moved to the obstetrical and gynecological department of the University of Kiel.

    After finishing his training in gynecology at the University of Kiel in 1910, he went to work as a gynecologist in Berlin, Germany. During the First World War he took an active part and served as a sanitation officer. Even while working on the battlefront, he was often called to deliver babies of Russian women and even provided a pair of forceps, since none had been brought along with the supplies. During the war, he published seven papers on thoracic and abdominal gunshot wounds (Semm & Giese, 1983). Through his clinical activities, Dr. Gräfenberg became aware of the needs of poor (and not so poor) women, which may explain his lifelong interest in birth control and sexology side Drive,
    INTRAUTERINE DEVICE
    After 10 years of research and the insertion of over 100 IUDs, Gräfenberg gave his first lecture on “Silk as a method of contraception” in Berlin, Germany in1928. Gräfenberg began lecturing in London and Frankfurt on the method of intrauterine birth control that he developed, called the Gräfenberg ring. This ring was made of coiled silver wireThis ring was used until the 1960s, when plastic IUDs replaced it. Recently, doctors have begun to prescribe the Gräfenberg ring again, because, unlike plastic IUDs, it does not have a thread, and so may be safer because infections can sometimes travel up the thread and into the uterus. However, because of the statistics of PID with other IUDs, Gräfenberg was denounced by virtually all leaders of German gynecology, who branded intrauterine contraception as a medically unacceptable method of birth control.
    SEXOLOGY
    In 1928, Gräfenberg became a member of the executive committee of the International Society of Sexology. In 1933, as a result of political pressure, Gräfenberg, a Jewish physician, was forced to give up his position as head of the department of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Britz/Berlin, Germany. Ultimately, the advertising of contraceptives and/or giving contraceptive advice became illegal in Germany. In 1934 Dr. Hans Lehfeldt (who was now in the United States) tried to persuade Gräfenberg to leave Germany. He decided to stay, believing he was relatively safe, since many of his patients were wives of high Nazi officials. He was wrong.
    ESCAPE FROM GERMANY
    In 1937 he was arrested for allegedly having smuggled a valuable stamp out of Germany. When influential friends of the International Society of Sexology discovered what had happened, the U.S. consulate began negotiations and deposited a large ransom for his release. It is reported that Margaret Sanger of New York negotiated his release from prison. In 1940 he was finally able to leave Germany and immigrate to California, traveling via Siberia and Japan.
    UNITED STATES
    It is reported that in Hollywood he found old friends and patients. He began working as a pathologist in Chicago while he prepared for the Medical Board Examinations. He passed the boards in 1941 at age 60. He then settled in New York City, where he developed a large private practice. He became affiliated with the Mount Sinai Medical Center. In 1950 his seminal article “The role of the urethra in female orgasm” (Gräfenberg, 1950, revised 1953). It was the findings reported by Dr. Ernst Gräfenberg in this latter article that lead Dr. John Perry and me to name the sensitive area he described the Gräfenberg spot or G spot.
    LATER LIFE
    In 1953 Dr. Gräfenberg was found to be suffering from Parkinson's disease and he was forced to give up his private practice. He then devoted his creativity to the Margaret Sanger Research Bureau in New York. He also became acquainted with Alfred Kinsey and his Institute for Sex Research. Hans Lehfeldt and Connie Christine Wheeler (1994) report that Gräfenberg's own sex history was among those included in the Kinsey Report.
    Dr. Gräfenberg died quietly of Parkinson’s Disease on 28 October 1957 in New York City. It is surprising that there was no notice about his death in scientific papers or in the newspapers. One German weekly described him as a medical benefactor, who was marked by the modesty of a truly great man. This highly gifted man, who published a total of 45 papers that I am aware of, did not live to see his work recognized worldwide. It was only in 1981 that the sensitive area felt through the anterior vaginal wall after this great man. He has now gained the recognition he deserves.
    Beverly Whipple, PhD, RN, FAAN, Rutgers University 
    Hebrew Birth 3 Tis 5642 
    Residence 1881-1910  Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence 1910-1938  Berlin, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Immigration 1940  New York, NY, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence 1940-1957  New York, NY, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • 63 East 52nd St. NYC
    Hebrew Death 3 Che 5718 
    Occupation Gynegologist 
    Died 28 Oct 1957  New York, NY, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1685  Blank Family
    Last Modified 3 Jan 2011 

    Father Salomon Grafenberg,   b. 27 Sep 1834, Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Mar 1918, Goettingen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years) 
    Mother Minna Eichenberg,   b. 13 Aug 1845, Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jun 1910, Goettingen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years) 
    Married 12 Jul 1870  Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F140  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Rosie Goldschmidt,   b. 24 Jul 1898, Mannheim, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Aug 1982, New York, NY, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years) 
    Married 9 Sep 1921  Mannheim, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Divorced 1925  Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Divorced
    Divorced 16 Apr 1925  Berlin, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F787  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 26 Sep 1881 - Adelebsen, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1881-1910 - Adelebsen, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 9 Sep 1921 - Mannheim, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDivorced - 1925 - Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDivorced - 16 Apr 1925 - Berlin, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1910-1938 - Berlin, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsImmigration - 1940 - New York, NY, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1940-1957 - New York, NY, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 28 Oct 1957 - New York, NY, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Grafenberg Ernst
    Grafenberg Ernst

    Documents
    Will of Ernst Grafenberg
    Will of Ernst Grafenberg
    At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.

    Histories
    Biography (German) of Ernst Grafenberg
    Biography (German) of Ernst Grafenberg
    Ernst Grafenberg 125th birthday
    Ernst Grafenberg 125th birthday
    Archive for Sexology
    Archive for Sexology
    History of Jewish Community of Adelebsen
    History of Jewish Community of Adelebsen


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