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Paul Oskar Kristeller

Paul Oskar Kristeller

Male 1905 - 1999  (94 years)

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  • Name Paul Oskar Kristeller 
    Born 22 May 1905  Berlin, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Biography Paul Oskar Kristeller (May 22, 1905 in Berlin – June 7, 1999 in New York, USA) was an important scholar of Renaissance humanism. He was awarded the Haskins Medal in 1992. He was last active as Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Columbia University in New York, where he mentored both Irving Louis Horowitz and A. James Gregor.
    During his university years he studied with Werner Jaeger, Heinrich Rickert, Richard Kroner, Karl Hampe, Freidrich Baethgen, Eduard Norden, and Ulrich von Wilamowitz. He also attended lectures by noted philosophers such as Ernst Cassirer, Edmund Husserl, and Karl Jaspers. In 1928, he earned his doctorate from the University of Heidelberg under Ernst Hoffmann with a dissertation on Plotinus.[1] He did postdoctoral work at the universities of Berlin and Freiburg.[2] At Freiburg, Kristeller studied under the philosopher Martin Heidegger from 1931 to 1933.[3] The Nazi victory in 1933 forced Kristeller to move to Italy. At his arrival, Giovanni Gentile secured for him a position as lecturer in German at the Scuola Normale Superiore in Pisa. It was at the Scuola Normale that Kristeller completed his first great works in the Renaissance: the Supplementum Ficinianum (1937) and The Philosophy of Marsilio Ficino (1943). In 1939, he fled Italy, due to the enactment of Mussolini's August 1938 racial laws, to live in the USA. Thanks to the help of Yale University historian Roland Bainton, he sailed from Genoa in February 1939 and by March was teaching a graduate seminar at Yale on Plotinus. However Kristeller taught for only a short time at Yale University until moving to Columbia University, where he taught until his retirement in 1973, as Frederick J. E. Woodbridge Professor of Philosophy. He continued to be an active researcher after he retired. Paul Kristeller received the Serena Medal of the British Academy in 1958, the Premio Internazionale Galileo Galilei in 1968 and the Commendatore nell'Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana in 1971.
    The emphasis of Kristeller's research was on the philosophy of Renaissance humanism. He is the author of important studies on Marsilio Ficino, Pietro Pomponazzi and Giambattista Vico.
    An especially important achievement is his Iter Italicum (the title recalls Iter Alemannicum and other works of Martin Gerbert), a large work describing numerous uncatalogued manuscripts. After decades of neglect, Kristeller's lengthy, erudite essay of the early 1950s, "The Modern System of the Arts", in Journal of the History of Ideas, proved to be an influential, much reprinted classic reading in Philosophy of Art.
    [edit]
    Works
    • Der Begriff der Seele in der Ethik des Plotin. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr, 1929.
    • The Renaissance Philosophy of Man. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1950.
    • The modern system of the arts, in Journal of the History of Ideas, 12, 1951, p. 496-527 and 13, 17-46 ; repr. 1965 and 1980 ; new. ed. 1990. (Web version)
    • The Classics and Renaissance Thought. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1955.
    • Eight Philosophers of the Italian Renaissance. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1964.
    • Die Philosophie des Marsilio Ficino. Frankfurt: Klostermann, 1972.
    • Humanismus und Renaissance. 2 vol., Munich: Fink, 1974–1976
    • Die Ideen als Gedanken der menschlichen und göttlichen Vernunft. Heidelberg: Winter, 1989.
    • Studies in Renaissance Thought and Letters, vol. I-IV, Rome: Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, 1956-1996.
    • Iter Italicum. A finding list of uncatalogued or incompletely catalogued humanistic manuscripts of the Renaissance in Italian and other libraries, 7 vol., London: The Warburg Inst. 1963-1997.
    [edit]
    Further reading
    • Thomas Gilbhard: Bibliographia Kristelleriana. A Bibliography of the Publications of Paul Oskar Kristeller. Roma: Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, 2006 (Sussidi eruditi 72).
    • Kristeller, Paul Oskar. "A Life of Learning," Charles Homer Haskins Lecture for 1990. American Council of Learned Societies Occasional Paper No. 12 (date not shown).[1]
    [edit]  [1
    Hebrew Birth 17 Iya 5665 
    Residence 1905-1933  Berlin, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Immigration 1933-1939  Italy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence 1933-1939  Pisa, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Immigration 23 Feb 1939  New York, NY, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Residence 1939-1999  New York, NY, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Hebrew Death 23 Siv 5759 
    Occupation Professor of Philosophy 
    Social Security Number 108-26-8868 
    Died 7 Jun 1999  New York, NY, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1682  Blank Family
    Last Modified 6 Dec 2012 

    Father Oskar Grafenberg,   b. 10 Apr 1872, Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 May 1905, Berlin, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years) 
    Mother Alice Magnus,   b. 5 Oct 1882, Berlin, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Mar 1943, Theresienstadt CC Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years) 
    Family ID F785  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Dr. Edith Lind Lewinnek,   b. 11 Nov 1911, Hamburg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jan 1992, New York, NY, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years) 
    Married 20 Jun 1940  New York, NY, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 6 Dec 2012 
    Family ID F2486  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 22 May 1905 - Berlin, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1905-1933 - Berlin, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsImmigration - 1933-1939 - Italy Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsImmigration - 23 Feb 1939 - New York, NY, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 20 Jun 1940 - New York, NY, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1939-1999 - New York, NY, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 7 Jun 1999 - New York, NY, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Paul Oskar Grafenberg Kristeller
    Paul Oskar Grafenberg Kristeller

    Documents
    Paul Oskar Kristeller Naturalization Petition
    Paul Oskar Kristeller Naturalization Petition
    Paul Kristeller Obit New York Times
    Paul Kristeller Obit New York Times

    Histories
    Recollections of My Life, Paul Kristeller, www.cjh.org
    Recollections of My Life, Paul Kristeller, www.cjh.org

  • Sources 
    1. [S78] Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia.

    2. [S171] New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1957 , Ancestry, SS Vulcania from Naples.


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