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Johanna Stern

Johanna Stern

Female 1859 - 1941  (81 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Johanna Stern 
    Born 16 Jun 1859  Lindau Am Hartz, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Biography A year after she married Simon Eichenberg, the former Johanna Stern from Katlenburg im Eichsfeld arrived in the city. Her private relationship with the Stern family will subsequently become a business one as well: in 1889, her husband together with her brother Bernhard Stern founds the Eichenberg & Stern company. The firm operated an inn at 45 Groner Street, the former premises of the Roman Emperor.

    In 1914, Johanna, who had for a long time helped out in the manufactured goods department, managed to get a trade license. This proved to be a smart move, because her husband died three years later. The firm also went under on his death. The previous range of goods was now carried by two businesses: on the first floor, run by Johanna Eichenberg, manufactured goods and furniture, and on the second floor, her brother ran a similar business. However, Johanna soon stopped selling furniture, instead specializing in manufactured goods.

    After 10 years of hard work, the business and accommodations were moved to Johannisstrasse, where in May 1928 the businesswoman opened a new store. Despite her advanced age (69), she continued to run the store in the coming years in order to build up sufficient reserves.

    After the Nazis’ takeover of power, income did decline slowly, but she was able to keep the small business going until the fall of 1935. When it was supposed to be sold, this proved unexpectedly difficult, since a potentially interested buyer was not prepared to pay the real value of the business including goods depot and stock. After protracted negotiations, the owner finally gave in and agreed to the offer price.

    At the end of September 1935, Manufackturwarenhandlung Joh. Eichenberg closed down. Once the transfer contract was signed, the new owner, Anna Schönstedt, applied for a trade license and opened the store on October 11, 1935 under her own name. She had only lived here as of this year, having previously been a seamstress at wholesale enterprises. The following year her new business had a turnover of RM 3329.

    The business of dealing in imported materials and knitted goods continued until May 1937, when it was turned into a tailor’s business. The making and alteration of clothing had become more profitable than simply selling notions, linens and woolen goods. Many people lacked the money to buy ready-made articles, and so preferred to have used items of clothing altered in order to be able to carry on using them.

    But within six months, Anna Schönstedt gave up her business and sold it to Martha Degenhardt. The sales price of RM 1,500 went largely to pay off her debts to the buyer; she received only two or three hundred Reichsmark in cash.

    Martha Degenhardt was already running a shop that sold linens and clothing in Jüdenstrasse, and she took the second business as an extension. But the Johannisstrasse location proved to be unprofitable for her also, and so just a month later the tailor’s business was incorporated into the main business.

    While Johanna Eichenberg’s son Rudolf was able to emigrate from Hannover to Palestine in 1937, his mother remained here. She died in April 1941, living to the end at No. 13-14 Johannisstrasse.

    After the war the JTC initiated restitution proceedings against the store’s last owner. They concluded in 1953 before the Reparations Office with a DM 200 compromise.
    Martha Degenhardt continued to run her linens and clothing business in Jüdenstrasse up to the end of 1957. She was succeeded by her son, who ran the shop until the end of 1960. 
    Hebrew Birth 14 Siv 5619 
    Residence 1859-1888  Lindau Am Hartz, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence 1888-1941  Goettingen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Johanistrasse 13
    Hebrew Death 3 Iya 5701 
    Occupation Textiles 
    Died 30 Apr 1941  Goettingen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1204  Blank Family
    Last Modified 2 Jan 2011 

    Father Meir Stern 
    Mother Roeschen,   d. Yes - date unknown  
    Family ID F1023  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Simon Siegfried Eichenberg,   b. 31 Jul 1853, Adelebsen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Mar 1917, Goettingen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years) 
    Children 
     1. Martha Eichenberg,   b. 6 Oct 1889, Goettingen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Nov 1988, Goettingen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 99 years)
     2. Hedwig Heps Eichenberg,   b. 11 Nov 1890, Goettingen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes - date unknown , Berlin, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Walter Eichenberg, PhD,   b. 19 Jul 1894, Goettingen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Jul 1981, Hadera, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years)
     4. Rudolf Eichenberg,   b. 25 May 1896, Goettingen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Mar 1989, Jerusalem, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 92 years)
    Family ID F614  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 16 Jun 1859 - Lindau Am Hartz, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1859-1888 - Lindau Am Hartz, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1888-1941 - Goettingen, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 30 Apr 1941 - Goettingen, Germany Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Johanna EichenbergMutterHannchen
    Johanna EichenbergMutterHannchen

    Histories
    13 Johanistrasse, Goettingen
    13 Johanistrasse, Goettingen
    Goettingen Jewish Business Locations
    Goettingen Jewish Business Locations


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