1859 - 1941 (81 years)
||Johanna Stern |
||16 Jun 1859
||Lindau Am Hartz, Germany
||A year after she married Simon Eichenberg, the former Johanna Stern from Katlenburg im Eichsfeld arrived in the city. Her private relationship with the Stern family will subsequently become a business one as well: in 1889, her husband together with her brother Bernhard Stern founds the Eichenberg & Stern company. The firm operated an inn at 45 Groner Street, the former premises of the Roman Emperor. |
In 1914, Johanna, who had for a long time helped out in the manufactured goods department, managed to get a trade license. This proved to be a smart move, because her husband died three years later. The firm also went under on his death. The previous range of goods was now carried by two businesses: on the first floor, run by Johanna Eichenberg, manufactured goods and furniture, and on the second floor, her brother ran a similar business. However, Johanna soon stopped selling furniture, instead specializing in manufactured goods.
After 10 years of hard work, the business and accommodations were moved to Johannisstrasse, where in May 1928 the businesswoman opened a new store. Despite her advanced age (69), she continued to run the store in the coming years in order to build up sufficient reserves.
After the Nazis’ takeover of power, income did decline slowly, but she was able to keep the small business going until the fall of 1935. When it was supposed to be sold, this proved unexpectedly difficult, since a potentially interested buyer was not prepared to pay the real value of the business including goods depot and stock. After protracted negotiations, the owner finally gave in and agreed to the offer price.
At the end of September 1935, Manufackturwarenhandlung Joh. Eichenberg closed down. Once the transfer contract was signed, the new owner, Anna Schönstedt, applied for a trade license and opened the store on October 11, 1935 under her own name. She had only lived here as of this year, having previously been a seamstress at wholesale enterprises. The following year her new business had a turnover of RM 3329.
The business of dealing in imported materials and knitted goods continued until May 1937, when it was turned into a tailor’s business. The making and alteration of clothing had become more profitable than simply selling notions, linens and woolen goods. Many people lacked the money to buy ready-made articles, and so preferred to have used items of clothing altered in order to be able to carry on using them.
But within six months, Anna Schönstedt gave up her business and sold it to Martha Degenhardt. The sales price of RM 1,500 went largely to pay off her debts to the buyer; she received only two or three hundred Reichsmark in cash.
Martha Degenhardt was already running a shop that sold linens and clothing in Jüdenstrasse, and she took the second business as an extension. But the Johannisstrasse location proved to be unprofitable for her also, and so just a month later the tailor’s business was incorporated into the main business.
While Johanna Eichenberg’s son Rudolf was able to emigrate from Hannover to Palestine in 1937, his mother remained here. She died in April 1941, living to the end at No. 13-14 Johannisstrasse.
After the war the JTC initiated restitution proceedings against the store’s last owner. They concluded in 1953 before the Reparations Office with a DM 200 compromise.
Martha Degenhardt continued to run her linens and clothing business in Jüdenstrasse up to the end of 1957. She was succeeded by her son, who ran the shop until the end of 1960.
||14 Siv 5619
||Lindau Am Hartz, Germany
||3 Iya 5701
||30 Apr 1941
||2 Jan 2011 |
| ||1. Martha Eichenberg, b. 6 Oct 1889, Goettingen, Germany , d. 18 Nov 1988, Goettingen, Germany (Age 99 years)|
| ||2. Hedwig Heps Eichenberg, b. 11 Nov 1890, Goettingen, Germany , d. Yes - date unknown , Berlin, Germany |
| ||3. Walter Eichenberg, PhD, b. 19 Jul 1894, Goettingen, Germany , d. 17 Jul 1981, Hadera, Israel (Age 86 years)|
| ||4. Rudolf Eichenberg, b. 25 May 1896, Goettingen, Germany , d. 15 Mar 1989, Jerusalem, Israel (Age 92 years)|
||Group Sheet | Family Chart